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Sciatica is a term used to describe pain that originates in the lower back & radiates through the buttocks, legs and feet. It can also cause other symptoms, such as tingling, numbness and muscle weakness. Generally, sciatica manifests on only one side of the body, but it can sometimes affect both sides. Most often, sciatica results from a degenerative spine condition herniated disc orbone spur. Management includes physical therapy, analgesics, muscle relaxants and sometimes surgery.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a inflammatory demyelinating disorder of central nervous system that affects the brain, optic nerve and spinal cord. Clinical course and specific changes in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggest the diagnosis of MS. There are medications effective in reducing the number of relapses and delaying progression of disability to some degree.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive degenerative disorder of brain due to loss of dopamine-producing cells in basal Ganglia region of brain. The four primary symptoms of Parkinson’s are tremor or trembling in hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face, rigidity or stiffness of the limbs and trunk, bradykinesia, or slowness of movement; and postural instability or impaired balance and coordination. Medications provide dramatic relief from the symptoms, but no drug can stop the progression of the disease. In some cases, surgery (Deep brain stimulation) is an appropriate treatment.
STROKE is sudden vascular damage to brain either due to blockage of a blood supply of brain (ischemic), or leakage of blood in brain (hemorrhagic). Sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes; sudden trouble with walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination are the most common symptoms of stroke. Ischemia strokes, the most common strokes, can be treated with a drug called tPA, which dissolves artery-obstructing clots. The window of opportunity to use tPA to treat stroke patients is small (4.5hours), so the sooner stroke patients can get to the hospital to be evaluated and receive treatment, the better their outcome.
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder characterised by recurrent epileptic seizures (mostly sudden jerking, tingling or loss of consciousness) caused by abnormal or excessive electrical discharges from brain cells. Epilepsy can be diagnosed well by a neurologist with the help of MRI brain and VEEG. About 75% of epilepsy can be controlled with medication only but some refractory cases may require surgical intervention.
Vertigo is an illusion of motion or spinning sensation. But sometimes also refer to the chronic or intermittent sensation of loss of balance. Vertigo is caused by impairment of the balancing system of the body that involves the inner ear, brain, or their interconnections. Diagnosis of the cause of vertigo is very important for its cure. Antivertigo medications are used to provide short-term symptomatic relief but vestibular exercise is recommended for long-term relief.
Migraine is one of a most common type of headache disorders, characterized by constant throbbing pain at the temples and forehead, on one or both sides of the head. The pain is usually accompanied by a combination of nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and noise. Some people (about 15% of migraine sufferers) experience an aura (visual disturbances) before an attack. There are very specific medications used to relieve headache and prevent headache in migraine.
Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on a regular basis. Whether they are caused by a health problem or by too much stress, sleep disorders are becoming increasingly common in the United States. In fact, more than 75 percent of Americans between ages 20 and 59 report having sleeping difficulties fairly regularly.
Most people occasionally experience sleeping problems due to stress, hectic schedules, and other outside influences. However, when these issues begin to occur on a regular basis and interfere with daily life, they may indicate a sleeping disorder.